Hair loss resulting from hair transplant
A hair transplant involves the placement of hair from the region of the scalp that grows hair to the areas of the scalp that loses hair. It is a surgical procedure that is usually used to treat baldness in men. The region of the scalp from where hair is taken is termed the "donor" while the scalp region that it is placed on is termed the "recipient."
Hair transplant can also be performed on other parts of the human body that grow hair like the beard and eyelashes. This has helped people who received scars as a result of accidents to grow their hairs back.
The first transplant of hair that is recorded was in 1897 when Dr. Menahem Hodara of Turkey used the process to cover the scar made by the favus disease that made the scalp bald.
A transplant can be done in two ways, namely: the follicular unit extraction (FUE) and the follicular unit transplant (FUT).
The human body is known to naturally shed hairs as a result of the growth cycle it undergoes. There is the active hair found in the "anagen phase" that goes into the transition stage also known as the "cartagen phase". After the cartagen phase, the hairs may begin to fall off in what is termed the "resting phase" or the "telogen phase". When new hair grows back, the cycle begins all over again.
This natural shedding of hair differs from the loss of hair that occurs after a hair transplant. The amount of hair that is lost after undergoing a hair transplant is dependent on the rate at which a person loses hair naturally.
WHY HAIR IS LOST
The surgical procedure of moving hair involves the creation of tiny holes in the scalp. It is in these holes that are created that the individual hairs are placed. This process known as "stab incisions" causes trauma to the scalp. This may in turn affect the surrounding hairs and result in the shedding of hairs. Such occurrence is termed a "shock loss" or "effluvium".
It is therefore normal for hair to be lost due to the response of the body to the trauma it received as a result of a hair transplant. This shedding of hair is usually noticed between one week to five weeks after the transplant.
LOSS OF TRANSPLANTED HAIR
There are cases when the hair that was transplanted does fall off. This may be as a result of the deterioration of hair after a period of ten years or more following the transplant. It does not mean that the hair transplant was not done properly. It may rather be a case of the hair quality not being as good as it once was.
Again, if the hair follicles are stressed, it may cause a loss of hair. This loss of hair may stop once the stress on the hair follicles reduce.
Finally, if the donor hair is not immune to the pattern of male baldness, it may cause hair to fall off after a transplant. This case would likely not occur if the transplant is done by an experienced surgeon or technician.
WHAT HAPPENS NEXT?
After the loss of hair, another set of hair grows back because the human body has a hair growth cycle. Therefore, the hair lost after a transplant is not permanent but temporal. The lost hair will be replaced by a new hair which will grow at different rates.
The new hair may take time to mature but it will surely grow back again as long as the transplant was done properly.